EU Study to assess its Deforestation Footprint

The EU has recently launched a new study to accurately assess its own Deforestation Footprint. This is to enable the EU to sustainably reduce that Deforestation Footprint.

Reported by FERN, the EU has launched a study to assess its contribution to deforestation and therefore, assess how it can tackle its own deforestation footprint. This study is set to be completed by August 2016.

It has been estimated that between the years of 1990 and 2008, the EU imported some 36% of all deforestation embodied in crops and livestock.
‘The concept of “embodied deforestation” is used for linking deforestation to consumption. It refers to the deforestation embodied (as an externality) in a produced, traded, or consumed product, good, commodity or service. It is the deforestation associated with the production of a good, commodity or service.’ (Source: European Commision) This alarming figure should accompany the knowledge that between the years of 1990 and 2008, 239 million hectares of forests were cleared worldwide (Source: FAO)

The European Commission has informed the consortium that a wide range of policies must be examined which suggest where improvements could be made. The policies to be studied include:

  • Common Commercial Policy
  • Energy and Climate Change
  • Sustainable Production and Consumption
  • EU and International Forest Policies (including the FLEFT Action Plan)
  • Trade and Investment
  • Development and International Cooperation
  • Agriculture and Fisheries
  • Consumer Protection
  • Environment
  • Internal Market

‘Forests have a vital role to play in the fight against global warming. Forests absorb and store carbon in their trees and soil. But if forests are cleared or disturbed, this carbon is released as carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Up to a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions come from deforestation and forest degradation.’ WWF, Deforestation & Climate Change.

You can find out more about the EU Action Plan on Deforestation here FERN

ISO 14001 New Environmental Standard

ISO 14001:2015 vs ISO 14001:2004

With the new ISO 14001:2015 Environmental Management Standard released near the end of 2015, there have been some changes. You can use the comparison table below distinguish between the new and old, and understand what has changed and improved. The structure of the new standard is now Annex SL and therefore some significant clauses have changed.

New ISO 14001:2015 Clause Number Previous ISO 14001:2004 Clause Number
1. Scope 1. Scope
2. Normative Reference 2. Normative Reference
3. Terms and Definitions 3. Terms and Definitions
4. Context of the Organisation N/A
4.1 Understanding the Organisation & its Context
4.2 Understanding the needs & Expectations of Interested Parties
4.3 Determining the Scope of the EMS 4.1 General Requirements
4.4 Environmental Management System
4.2.3 Control of Documents 7.5.2 Creating and Updating and 7.5.3 Control of Documented information
5.1 Leadership & Commitment
5.2 Environmental Policy 4.2 Environmental Policy
5.3 Organisational Roles, Responsibilities and Opportunities 4.4.1 Resource, Roles, Responsibility & Authority
6. Planning 4.3 Planning (title only)
6.1 Actions to address Risks and Opportunities (title only)
6.1.1 General
6.1.2 Environmental Aspects 4.3.1 Environmental Aspects
6.1.3 Compliance Obligations 6.1.4 Planning Action
6.2 Environmental Objectives & Planning to achieve them 4.3.3 Objectives, Targets, & Programme(s)
6.2.1 Environmental Objectives 4.3.3 Objectives, Targets, & Programme(s)
6.2.2 Planning to achieve Environmental Objectives 4.3.3 Objectives, Targets, & Programme(s)
7. Support 4.4 Implementation & Operation (title only)
7.1 Resources 4.4.1 Resources, Roles, Responsibility & Authority
7.2 Competence 4.4.2 Competence, Training, & Awareness
7.3 Awareness 4.4.2 Competence, Training, & Awareness
7.4 Communication (title only) 4.3 Communication
7.4.1 General 4.3 Communication
7.4.2 Internal Communication 4.3 Communication
7.4.3 External Communication 4.3 Communication
7.5 Documented Information (title only) 4.4.4 Documentation
7.5.1 General 4.4.4 Documentation
7.5.2 Creating & Updating 4.4.5 Control of Documents and 4.5.4 Control of Records
8. Operation N/A
8.1 Operation Planning & Control 4.4.6 Operational Control
8.2 Emergency Preparedness & Response 4.4.7 Emergency Preparedness & Response
Performance Evaluation 4.5 Checking (title only)
9.1 Monitoring, Measurement, Analysis & Evaluation 4.5.1 Monitoring & Measurement
9.1.1 General 4.5.1 Monitoring & Measurement
9.1.2 Evaluation of Compliance 4.5.2 Evaluation of Compliance
9.2 Internal Audit 4.5.5 Internal Audit
9.2.1 General 4.5.5 Internal Audit
9.3 Management review 4.6 Management review
10.1 General
10.2 Nonconformity & Corrective Action 4.5.3 Nonconformity, corrective action & preventative action
10.3 Continual Improvement

Ligna specialises in Environmental Management, Supply Chain, Due Diligence and Sustainable Forest Management. ISO 14001 is an internationally recognised Environmental Management Standard. If you would like to find out more about becoming certified, please get in touch. Call now.

Facts about Deforestation

Deforestation IS your problem

    1. If deforestation continues at the present rate, the entirety of the earths rainforests will be gone in less than 100 years
    2. Approximately 30% of our planets land is made up of forests
    3. Our rainforests are more important than you might think – just the amazon rain forest actually equates for 20% of the entire worlds oxygen
    4. Out of all of the world’s tropical forest, more than half has already been destroyed.
    5. 7.3 Million Hectares – the world’s total forest loss to date
    6. The biggest driver of deforestation is Agriculture
    7. Our tree play a crucial part in absorbing greenhouse gases – the less trees we have the more greenhouse gases are free to enter the atmosphere – ultimately speeding up and greatly worsening global warming
    8. Changing the rate of deforestation enough to matter is a difficult task, however, it is achievable – trees need to be replaced as rapidly as they are lost, the lost forests from over time also need to be replaced
    9. We may only be tiny fraction of the world’s population but we can help – we can sign petitions and donate to charities and causes that strive to save our trees – we can also ensure we buy FSC Certified wood and paper products; this ensures that the products have come from responsibly managed forests
    10. If you are a company who manufactures, sells, or deals in anyway with wood and paper products, get I touch, and get FSC Certified now!

Go Green this Christmas

holly tree

A few ways to make sure you’re protecting the planet this Christmas

Christmas is a holiday that is all about giving. We give to our family, our friends, and they give to us. But do you give to the environment? Or do you give all that you can to the environment?

Why not be as green as you possibly can this year, and give back to the environment, after all, it gives to you all year round; it gives you the air you breath and so much more!
Some things you might think about in how to make this year especially green are:

  • Investing in a real Christmas tree, or better yet, an FSC Certified real Christmas tree is about as eco-friendly as you can be when purchasing your tree. These can be found across the country, find our more at the Forestry Commission’s Christmas Tree Page.
  • When buying you greeting cards and wrapping paper, make sure you look for the FSC Certified logo. If you want to be even greener, why not go shabby chic this year and use newspaper to wrap your gifts?
  • Give something back to nature, and decorate a tree in your garden for the birds. You can decorate it with a wide variety of bird food to attract the variety of different birds. Don’t let them go hungry this winter.
  • Re-gift! If you had gifts at your birthday or last Christmas that you just haven’t needed, re-gift it. It is Christmas recycling at its best!
  • Make sure you turn you Christmas lights off when you go to bed, both the indoor and outdoor.
  • Find a local electronics recycler to recycle your old electronics at Christmas; if you have a new TV or other electronic device, don’t just throw your old one away.


FSC are the best way to help the environment at Christmas, they are grown as part of a well-managed forest, and therefore the use of pesticides is substantially low, thus protecting forest plants and wildlife.

There will be approximately 1.7 billion Christmas cards sent out across Britain this year, this works out to an unbelievable 200,000 trees. Choose FSC Certified cards and be part of ensuring that they have been produced from responsible managed forests and take no part in deforestation or illegal logging.

Be green this Christmas, and give back to our planet, our environment.

Follow Ligna on Twitter to keep up with all of news, blogs, and information. If you are a greeting card supplier or manufacturer and you are thinking about getting FSC Chain of Custody certification, give us a call or fill in our enquiry form and we will be happy to help.
red robin


trees image

The Global Event of the Decade

This year we see the 21st UN Climate Change Conference, known as COP21. The conference is being held in France and FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council) France have completed a manifesto, which can be seen here FSC® COP21, to ensure that ‘a comprehensive agreement and firm commitment[s] from governments’, to enforce mitigation for climate change. FSC® International endorses this manifesto.

The manifesto is something to be very proud of; among other things, it calls for the complete extermination of deforestation and the protection and responsible management of all forests.

COP21 is taking place from the 30th November to the 11th December; the outcome is expected to be a worldwide compliance on climate change. It is known that there are still many governments across the globe, who do not meet or even address the role of forest management in climate change, furthermore, they do not competently discuss the social, economic or environmental challenges affecting sustainable forest management.

FSC hope that COP21 will bring about a wider acknowledgement of certification of forests, and significantly heighten the profile of forest certification so that it becomes second nature to private and public consumers and actors.

Along with FSC International, the manifesto is endorsed by Fairtrade international, WWF, Marine Stewardship Council, the Prince Albert of Monaco Foundation, plus companies such as IKEA and L’Oréal.

You can visit the FSC COP21 website by following the link to find out more information and further details on the manifesto. If you want to sign the manifesto, please contact Maya Bentz, FSC France You can also make a personal comment in support of the manifesto and the work of the FSC by visiting the Support Us page.

On Sunday 29th November, FSC France will lead the forest section of the Global Climate March. If you would like to find out more about the Global Climate March or join in the march, click here > GLOBAL CLIMATE MARCH

Ligna UK Ltd are supporters of FSC and all things sustainable forestry, we are in full support of the FSC France manifesto and look forward to the outcome of COP21.

Follow us on Twitter to keep up with all of our news and info. If you are a company looking for FSC Certification, give us a call, we can help.

Some of this information was taken from the FSC Website and more information can be found via the links below
FSC France
FSC International